Within a few decades, the global dream of building a middle class society has vanished almost everywhere, giving way to an emerging global nightmare: Social Exclusion . France and Japan had been among the most successful societies, taken as examples by the rest of the world that it is indeed possible for a nation to include almost an entire population in the middle class. However, even these two countries have suffered increasing disillusion since the 1980s. This book analyses and contrasts the French and Japanese experiences of social exclusion. Although social exclusion in France and Japan are in many respects quite similar and in important respects they are quite different. Using a wide array of methodologies, the authors present a diverse range of perspectives on the problematic of social exclusion as well as suggesting various ways that it might be resolved.