Condemned by economic forces and the prejudices of others to remain forever in the underclass, the homeless and day laborers in present-day affluent Japan struggle to survive in its cities. This study provides a poignant portrait of the conditions endured by these people. Whether they can find work at all and the nature of any available work determines their fate. In this book we read of men who die on the streets, the efforts of volunteers, officialdom s lack of understanding and of passers-by pointing at these men to show their children where failure will lead. This research shows how it is not personal failure, but a variety of economic and life circumstances that has propelled these men into the underclass.