| ||Masahiro Ogino, Scams and Sweeteners: A Sociology of Fraud Hardcover |
| || ||Hideo Aoki, Japans Underclass: Day Laborers and the Homeless Paperback |
Condemned by economic forces and the prejudices of others to remain forever in the underclass, the homeless and day laborers in present-day affluent Japan struggle to survive in its cities. This study provides a poignant portrait of the conditions endured by these people. Whether they can find work at all and the nature of any available work determines their fate. In this book we read of men who die on the streets, the efforts of volunteers, officialdom s lack of understanding and of passers-by pointing at these men to show their children where failure will lead. This research shows how it is not personal failure, but a variety of economic and life circumstances that has propelled these men into the underclass.
| ||Hideo Aoki, Japans Underclass: Day Laborers and the Homeless Hardcover |
| || ||Osamu Soda, Philosophy of Agricultural Science: A Japanese Perspective Paperback |
Osamu Soda, one of the leading Japanese scholars in the philosophy of agricultural science, examines the relationship between human life, the natural environment, and agriculture. He argues that satisfying diverse human values requires a harmonious realization of three sometimes conflicting sets of values, and situates a reconceived agricultural science as the best means to realizing these ends. For Soda, this means rethinking the entrenched divisions between the natural, human and practical sciences to create an agricultural science that draws on the reductive empiricism of the natural sciences as well as the interpretative methodologies of the human sciences in its efforts to find applied solutions to real problems. It also entails rethinking the place of agriculture in the life-world, recognizing that its non-economic contributions to the community and environment are every bit as important as, if not more than, its economic values. Only through balancing diverse value objectives and synthesizing diverse research methodologies will modern societies avert further environmental damage and begin to rectify existing problems.
| ||Osamu Soda, Philosophy of Agricultural Science: A Japanese Perspective Hardcover |
| || ||Shigeru Nakayama ed., A Social History of Science and Technology in Contemporary Japan, Volume 1 |
This title is the first volume of a comprehensive, four-volume survey documenting the miraculous growth of Japanese science and technology from postwar devastation to attaining leading global status. Volume 1 deals with the Occupation period from 1945 to 1952. The team of more than fifty Japanese experts labored for ten years in assembling the unique materials into a monumental work of careful scholarship. The study won the prestigious Mainichi Publications Award in 1995. Hardcover
| || ||Shigeru Nakayama ed., A Social History of Science and Technology in Contemporary Japan, volume 2 |
This is the second volume of a comprehensive study that documents the miraculous growth of Japanese science and technology from postwar devastation to its rise as a global leader. The volume deals with the period from 1952 to 1959 and is subtitled as Road to Self-reliance.
| || ||Shigeru Nakayama and Kunio Goto eds, A Social History of Science and Technology in Contemporary Japan, volume 3, 1960-1969 |
This title is the third volume of a comprehensive, four-volume survey documenting the miraculous growth of Japanese science and technology from postwar devastation to attaining leading global status. Volume 3 deals with the high growth period from 1960 to 1969. The team of more than fifty Japanese experts labored for ten years in assembling the unique materials into a monumental work of careful scholarship. The study won the prestigious Mainichi Publications Award in 1995. Hardcover.
| || ||Kimiko Kimoto, Gender and Japanese Management Paperback |
Using data from surveys conducted in a department store and a supermarket, this ground-breaking study discusses the forces shaping job segregation by gender. Kimiko Kimoto shows that the portrayal of women as necessarily disadvantaged participants in the labour market serves only to prevent one from seeing how gender norms and relations actually develop in workplaces. She lucidly demonstrates the reasons for women s difficulties in moving beyond the lower levels of management.
| ||Kimiko Kimoto, Gender and Japanese Management Hardcover |
| || ||Takashi Inoguchi, Japanese Politics: An Introduction Paperback |
This is both a path-breaking study of Japanese politics and a significant contribution to the general advancement of political science. Inoguchi skillfully weaves together an analysis of contemporary Japanese politics and the history of Japanese political and economic developments. He also illuminates a wide range of current scholarly debates about Japanese politics, political economy, and political culture. Lucian W. Pye, M.I.T.
Using both historical and international perspectives, the author provides a stimulating analysis of modern Japan. Broad in its dimensions, challenging in many of its propositions, this work warrants careful attention from students and specialists alike. Robert A. Scalapino, University of California at Berkeley
| ||Takashi Inoguchi, Japanese Politics: An Introduction Hardcover |
| || ||J. S. Eades, Roger Goodman and Yumiko Hada eds, The Big Bang in Japanese Higher Education: The 2004 Reforms and the Dynamics of Change |
On 1 April 2004, Japanese higher education experienced a big bang , a set of reforms that have been described as the most significant institutional changes for over a century. One of the main aims is to make Japanese universities more competitive internationally, by eliminating the differences between national, public and private schools, and by giving them greater autonomy from the state in day-to-day administration and decision-making. At the same time, these institutions are facing an increasing demographic crisis, as they compete for a declining number of potential students, thanks to the falling Japanese birthrate. The chapters of this book examine these changes and the background to them from a variety of perspectives, including those of the government, the teachers and the students. Issues examined include the history of Japanese universities, their relation with the state, university management, internationalization, the struggle to attract students, the problems of language teaching, the impact of information technology, and efforts to upgrade the level of research.
Review in the Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies
| || ||Susumu Shimazono, From Salvation to Spirituality: Popular Religious Movements in Modern Japan Paperback |
One of Japan s foremost sociologists of religion, Susumu Shimazono deals with the development of popular religious and spiritual movements in Japan in the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries. At present, it is estimated that more than ten percent of Japan s total population are members of the so-called New Religions. Whilst Buddhist and Shintoist influences remain pronounced, there are many other features common to modern Japan s popular religious thinking. Through a careful study of these features, the author examines classical concepts and theories of religious studies, proposes alternative approaches, and reconsiders religion in modernity in the context of Japanese cultural heritage.
| ||Susumu Shimazono, From Salvation to Spirituality: Popular Religious Movements in Modern Japan Hardcover |
| || ||Robert Stuart Yoder, Youth Deviance in Japan: Class Reproduction of Non-Conformity Paperback |
Based on fieldwork spanning two decades, this book presents a rare
longitudinal study of deviance and crime among youths in
Kanagawa-ken, with a focus upon two groups of young people -
a working class group and a middle-class group. The author, a
long-term resident in Japan, has managed to keep in touch with his
subjects for twenty years and offers vivid descriptions of nonconformity
among Japanese youngsters and an in-depth analysis
of the way in which youth deviance is reproduced along class lines.
| ||Robert Stuart Yoder, Youth Deviance In Japan: Class Reproduction of Non-Conformity Hardcover |
| || ||Masami Nomura and Yoshihiko Kamii eds, Japanese Companies: Theories and Realities Paperback |
This book challenges Masahiko Aoki s influential J-firm theory, which explains the behavior of Japanese firms in terms of game theory. Demonstrating the theory s methodological and empirical shortcomings, the authors, a group of Japanese economists, offer an alternative theoretical framework for understanding Japanese business culture and present a series of empirical studies of Japanese companies, which focus on skill formation, information sharing, subcontracting and the role of labor unions.
| ||Masami Nomura and Yoshihiko Kamii eds, Japanese Companies: Theories and Realities Hardcover |
| || ||Takami Kuwayama, Native Anthropology: The Japanese Challenge to Western Academic Hegemony Paperback |
In terms of the academic world system, Japan exists on the periphery. The Japanese are anthropological natives in the sense that although they have long been objects of Western representation, their voices have seldom been heard by those at the center. The frequent neglect of Japanese scholarship on Japan by Japanologists in the Anglophone community attests to this point. The central objective of this book, then, is to reveal the global power dynamics involved in the structure of anthropological knowledge.